Tuesday, 26 August 2014

kadainilai makkal



Map\heluhrdpd; rpWfijfspy; filepiykf;fspd;
njhopy;epiyAk; rpf;fy;fSk;
k. fz;zd;
Kidtu;gl;lMa;thsu;
jkpopay; Jiw
ghujpjhrd; gy;fiyf;fofk;
jpUr;rpuhg;gs;sp - 24
Kd;Diu
gue;Jgl;l cyfpy; gyUk; gy;NtW njhopy;fisr; nra;fpd;wdu;. jpde;NjhWk; mjpfg;gbahd tUkhdk; mspf;fpd;w njhopy;fs; rKjhaj;jpy; caupaepiyapy; cs;s njhopy;fshff; fUjg;gl;L mj;njhopiyr; nra;gtu;fSf;F mq;fPfhuk; mspf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. Mdhy;> rKjhaj;jpy; cs;s kf;fspd; Njitfisg; G+u;j;jpnra;Ak; rpynjhopy;fisr; nra;gtu;fisf; fPo;epiyapduhfNt ghu;f;fpd;wdu;.  mtu;fSf;F cupa kupahij mspf;fg;gLtjpy;iy; mtu;fsJ tUkhdj;ijg; gw;wpAk; fUj;jpy; nfhs;tjpy;iy. nrhw;gkhd njhiff;F kpifahd ciog;gpidg; ngWfpd;wdu;. ,j;jifa filepiyapy; cs;s kf;fspd; njhopy;epiyfis Map\heluhrd; rpWfijfs; topNa Muha;tNj ,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhfmikfpd;wJ.
filepiykf;fs;    
filepiy vd;gJ gyepiyfisf; nfhz;l gzpmikg;gpy; filrpepiy. Filepiy / filepiyg; gzp  vd;W fpupahtpd; jw;fhyj; jkpo; mfuhjp tpsf;fk; mspf;fpwJ.
rKjhaj;jpy; cau;e;j epiyapy; cs;s kf;fs; jq;fistplj; jho;e;j epiyapy; cs;s kf;fis ,opthd ghu;itahy; jhf;FtJk;> fLQ;nrhw;fisg; gad;gLj;JtJk; ,ay;ghd xd;whff; fUjg;gLfpwJ. filepiyg; gzpahsu;fshff; fhzg;gLk; mtu;fsJ tho;f;if frg;ghdJ. jpdk;jpdk; fhZfpd;w ,d;dy;fs; kiyasT cs;sd. kf;fsplj;Nj cs;s kdNtWghLfs; ,jw;Ff; fhuzkhfmikfpd;wd. ,opthd njhopiyr; nra;fpwhu;fs; vd;gNj ,jw;Ff; fhuzk;. tpspk;Gepiy kf;fs; vd;W Fwpg;gLk; egu;fs; r%fj;jpy; ve;jtpjkhd mq;fPfhuKk; ,y;yhjtu;fs;; jq;fSila cupikf;fhfg; NghuhLgtu;fs;. jw;NghJ ,Uf;fpd;w epiyiaj; jf;fitj;Jf; nfhs;tjpy; me;jkf;fs; kpFe;j ftdkhf ,Uf;fpd;wdu;.   (ngUkhs;KUfdpd; gilg;Gfspy; tpspk;Gepiykhe;ju;> g.51) vd;W tpspk;Gepiy kf;fspd; epiyia czu;j;Jfpwhu; k. jkpo;r;nry;tp
mk;kf;fspd; tho;f;if jpdk;jpdk; nrj;Jg; gpwg;gJ Nghd;Nwmikfpd;wJ. md;whlj; Njitahd cztpw;Fg; ngUk; ciog;gpidf; nfhLj;jhYk; mjw;fhd tpiyjhd; fpilg;gjpy;iy. njhopy;epiyapy; Vw;gLfpd;w ,lu;g;ghLfs; mtu;fsJ kdepiyiar; rpijj;J> Fog;gkhd #oiy cUthf;Ffpd;wJ. Mirfs;> fdTfs; vd;git fhdy;ePiug; Nghd;Nw tho;f;ifapy; mikfpd;wd. guk;giuahf mtutu; njhopiy mtu;fsJ re;jjpapdNu nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;fpd;w epiyAk; ,e;jpahtpy; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.
nrUg;Gj; ijg;gtu;
kf;fspd; kdq;fspy; ,tu;fsJ ,lk; filepiyahdNj. mjw;Fj; jq;fisf; fhl;bYk; fPo;epiyj; njhopiyNa nra;fpwhu;fs; vd;w vz;zg;Nghf;Nf fhuzk;. nrUg;Gj; ijg;gtu;fspd; ciog;gpw;Nfw;w Cjpaj;ij mspg;gjw;Fk; jaf;fk; fhl;Lfpd;wdu; my;yJ kWf;fpd;wdu;. nrUg;Gj; ijg;gtupd; kfd;(Mgpufhk; ypq;fd;) mnkupf;fhit Mz;lij cyfk; mwpAk;. mtu;fsJ tho;tpid tpUk;gpdhYk; tpUk;ghtpl;lhYk;vd;Dk; rpWfijapd; topNa Mrpupau; Gyg;gLj;Jfpd;whu;.
fhyNeuk; nfhLf;Fwjf; FLq;f
rup ,e;jh…”
vd;d rhkp ntWk; vl;lzh jhuPq;f> %Z gf;fk; ijaY…”
,Jf;Fjhd;ahcq;ffpl;lnty;yhk; Kd;dNa tpahguk; NgrpuZk; ,e;jhxop…”                                               (g.254)
vd;wthW mtu;fsJ ciog;gpw;Nfw;w Cjpak; jukWf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
rpWnjhopy; Gupfpd;wtu;fs; fhiyg;nghOjpy; Kjyhtjhf tUfpd;w thbf;ifahsu; njhopy; nra;gtUld; Nguk; Ngrhky; rz;ilaplhky; Gd;difNahL nry;yNtz;Lk; vd;W vz;Ztu;. mtu;fisg; Nghd;Nw nrUg;Gj; ijg;gtUk; fhiyapy; Kjy; Mshf tUfpd;w eguplk; vj;jifa kdtUj;jKk; Vw;gl;Ltplf;$lhJ vd;Nw vz;Zfpd;whu;. vdpDk;> mtu;fsJ vz;zq;fisg; Gupe;Jnfhs;shj kf;fSk; cs;sdu;.
NkYk;> Ntz;lhntWg;ghff; $yp mspg;gijAk; ,e;jhxop…’ vd;W ciug;gjd; %yk; mwpaKbfpd;wJ.
Jwe;jhupd; J}a;ikcilahu; ,we;jhu;tha;
,d;dhr;nrhy; Nehw;fpw; gtu;.                     (Fws;:159)
vd;W ts;Stu; thf;fpw;fpzq;f jd;id ,fo;e;j kdpjiug; nghWj;J nfhz;bUe;jhd; uq;fd;.    ,j;jifa njhopiyr; nra;fpd;wtu;fs; cUthf;fg;gLtjpy;iy gpwf;fpd;wnghONj nrUg;Gj; ijg;gtuhfg;(kuGtopahf) gpwf;fpd;wdu; vd;gij>
,e;j Njrj;jpdJ Nfhbf;fzf;fhd kf;fspd; ghjzpfSf;Fr; Nrit nra;a(mghukhd rhy;[hg;G my;yth) xUtd; tpUk;gpdhYk; tpUk;ghtpl;lhYk; nrUg;Gj; ijg;gtdhfg; gpwf;fNeu;fpwJ                                                                  (g.254)
vd;wthW ciug;gjd; topNa mwpaKbfpd;wJ. ,tu;fs; filepiy kdpju;fshfNt fUjg;gLf;fpd;wdu;.
foptiwRj;jk;; nra;gtu;fs;
kf;fs; nra;Ak; gy;NtW njhopy;fspy; kpfTk; mtykhd njhopyhff; fUjg;gLtJ foptiwiar; Rj;jk; nra;Ak; njhopNy MFk;. gpwu; ,e;jj; njhopiyr; nra;gtu;fis mtkupahijAlNdNa elj;Jfpd;wdu;. mtu;fisf; fhZk;nghONj Kfk; Rspf;fpd;w epiyiaf; fhzKbfpd;wJ. jq;fsJ tPl;by; fhzhky; NghFk; nghUSf;F ,tu;fNs(me;j rkaj;jpy; mq;fpUf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy;) fhuzkhf mikthu;fs; vd;W ek;Gtijr; rKjhaj;jpy; fhzKbfpd;wJ. Njthyaj;jpy; foptiw Rj;jk; nra;gtu;  kPJ jpUl;Lf;Fw;wk; Rkj;Jtijg; gf;jpf;Fupa ,lk; Nfhapy; kl;Lky;yvd;Dk; rpWfijapd; topNa ciuf;fpd;whu; eluhrd;. foptiwiar; Rj;jk; nra;gtu; jd;Dila epiyia vz;zptUe;Jfpwhu;. ,jid>
ghju; vd;dnty;yhk; Ngrpl;lhUahU? ehd; jpULNwdhk;
mJTk; ff;$Rf;Fs;;s mtU mtruj;Jf;F fow;wptr;r Njhj;jpu n[g Nkhjpuj;ij ,q;Nf fOt te;j ehd; jpUbNd;D nrhy;whUNjtd; rhl;rpkupjhd; fhjpy; nrhy;NyhZk;cRNu NghapUk; ,e;j nfstDf;Fghf;FwJ gpRehwpg; nghsg;ghf ,Uf;fyhk;Mdhy;xU GuhJ fpilahJ…”  (g.50)
vd;Wciug;gjd; thapyhff; foptiwiar; Rj;jk; nra;Ak; njhopy; nra;gtu; cz;ikahfNt gzpahw;Wfpwhu; vd;gij ciuf;fpd;wJ. nghUs; fhzhky; NghFk;nghOJ Kjypy; re;Njfk; Njhd;Wk; ,lkhf ,tu;fNs cs;shu;fs;. fPo;epiyj; njhopiyr; nra;jhYk; jd;Dila jd;khdj;ij ,of;Fk; epiyapy; capUk; NghFk; vd;gijAk; fpotdpd; $w;W topNa mwpaKbfpd;wJ.
     NkYk;> foptiwiar; Rj;jk; nra;jhy;jhd; epiwthd rhg;ghL rhg;gplKbAk; vd;gij rq;fpyp rpWfijapy;>
Mj;jh Nej;J fUf;fy;yNa MrpL J}f;fpf;fpl;L NghapUr;rpy;y. vk;Gl;LT+Lfs;y ff;$R fStpr;R njupakhnghSJ rhQ;R fUthl;L nfhsk;G eapdh..”(g.151)
vd;Dk; $w;Wkfs; jd;Dila Fbfhuj; je;ijaplk; ciug;gjhFk;. Gy tPLfSf;Ff; foptiwiar; Rj;jk; nra;jjd; %yNk mtu;fs; tpUg;gkhd cztpidg; ngwKbAk; vd;gij ,g;gFjp ciuf;fpd;wJ.
     nghUsy; ytiug; nghUshfr; nra;Ak;
nghUsy;yJ ,y;iynghUs;"   (Fws;:751)
vd;W ts;Stu; $WtjpypUe;J nghUs; ,y;yhjtu;fisr; r%fj;jp;y; xUnghUl;lhff; fUJtjpy;iy vd;gij czuKbfpd;wJ. jpUts;Stu; ciuf;Fk;> nghUspy;yhjtuhff; filepiy kf;fs; cs;shu;fs;.
rq;FCJgtd;
kuzk; midtupd; tho;tpYk; tUfpd;w epfo;T. mjid tpUg;Gld; Vw;Fk; kdpju;fs; jhd; ,y;iy. mj;jifa kuzk; epfo;fpd;w epiyapy; mtuJ cwtpdu;fs; xd;W $b jq;fsJ Jd;gj;jpidf; fz;zPu; %yNk ntspg;gLj;Jtu;. Jd;gk; epiwe;jjhd kuzk; rpyuJ tho;tpy; Nrhw;wpidg; ngwr; nra;fpwJ. mtu;fspy; xUtdhfr; rq;F vd;gtid filrpr; rq;F vd;Dk; rpWfijapd; topNa ntspg;gLj;Jfpwhu; Mrpupau;.
    

je;ijAk; kfDk; Nru;e;J rq;fpid CJfpd;wdu;. mtDila jpwikia>
mg;gidtpl ey;yh CJthk;ghJ}q;fkhl;lhd;NrhWjz;zp B fhR mehtrpakhf te;j ,lj;Jy Nff;fkhl;lhd;…” (g.65)
vd;W tajhd NghjpYk; Cuhu; tpae;J ghuhl;Lk; epiyiaf; fhzKbfpd;wJ. jd;Dila njhopypidr; nrk;ikg;gl nra;Js;shd; vd;W njupfpwJ. ghuhl;Ltijg; Nghy; Vkhw;wp Ntiy thq;Fk; Nkl;Lf;Fbj; je;jpuk; ,jpy; xspe;Js;sJ. NkYk;> gpzq;fis mlf;fk; nra;tjpy; Vw;gLk; rpf;fy;fspy; rq;F nrhy;tNj jPu;g;ghf mikfpwJ.
Mdhy;> rq;fpd; kfd; muRg;gzpapidg; ngw;wJk; jd; je;ijia Ciu tpl;Ltpl;L te;jpU ,e;j gpiog;G ,dp Ntz;lhk;” (g.68)    vd;WN tz;Lfpwhd;. rKjhaj;jpy; kpfTk; rpukg;gLk; ,opTgLj;jg;gLk; epiyapypUe;J jd;idAk; jd; FLk;gj;ijAk; kPl;f vz;Zfpd;w epiyiaf; fhzKbfpd;wJ. %d;Wj iyKiwapy; fhzyhFk; FLk;gepiyiar; Rl;Lfpd;wJ ,f;fij. rq;F vd;Dk; fpotd; ,we;jgpd; ,wg;gpw;F rq;F CJfpd;w kdpjd; ,y;yhjjhy; tUj;jkilfpd;wJrKjhak;.
KbTfs;:
Ø filepiyj; njhopy;fisr; nra;gtu;fSf;Fr; rKjhak; rkkhd epiyapidj; jUtjpy;iy.
Ø ciog;gpw;F Vw;w Cjpaj;ijf; nfhLf;f Kd;tUtjpy;iy.
Ø guk;giu guk;giuahf mj;njhopiyr; nra;aNtz;Lk; vd;W mtu;fsJ re;jjpapdu; kPJ neUf;fb nfhLf;fpwJ.
Ø gpur;rpidfspd; nghOJ mtu;fs; kPJ re;Njfg; ghu;itapidf; nfhz;Ls;s epiyiaf; fhzKbfpd;wJ.
Ø mjpfkhd ciog;gpidf; nfhLj;jhy; kl;LNk epiwthd cztpidg; ngwKbAk; vd;gij czu;j;Jfpd;wJ.
Ø rKjhaj;jpy; fPo;epiyapy; cs;s njhopiyNa nra;tjhf mtu;fs; vz;ZtijAk; mjpypUe;J jg;gpf;f Kay;tijAk; fhzKbfpd;wJ.
Ø Nkl;Lf;FbapdUf;Fk; ,opthdnjhopyhff; fUjg;gLtdtw;iwr; nra;Ak; njhopyhsUf;Fk; ,ilapyhd Kuiz capNuhl;lj;Jld; rpj;jpupg;gjd; %yk; Map\heluhrdpd; njhopyhsu; rhu;Gepiyapd; epahaq;fis czuKbfpwJ.
இன்னிசையாய்  அவள் மொழி
இதயத்துடிப்பாய்  அவள் நினைவு
இலக்கியமாய் அவள் சொற்கள்
இலவம்பஞ்சாய் அவள் தேகம்
இளம்சிவப்பாய்   அவள் வண்ணம்
இளம்தென்றலாய்  அவள் சுவாசம்

காதலி

இரா. நடராசன் புனைகதைகளில் இலக்கிய உத்திகள் ம. கண்ணன் முனைவர் பட்ட ஆய்வாளர் தமிழியல்துறை பாரதிதாசன் பல்கலைக்கழகம் திருச்சிராப்பள்...